GMAT阅读解析文章结构


发布人:xizhiping           2014-06-19 17:00:03

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摘要: 读文章是GMAT考试经常要做的事情,很多同学在复习准备GMAT阅读的时候对于文章的读法一直不太明白。读文章其实也是要讲究技巧的,小编通过分析一篇文章来告诉大家如何读文章,希望这些GMAT攻略能帮助到大家:

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  考生在GMAT阅读考试中的问题大体可以分为两类:过分关注个别字词意思而忽略了文章的宏观展开;单独获取句子的意思而忽略了句与句之间的关联。简言之,重细节而轻结构,是造成阅读瓶颈的核心问题所在。GMAT考试的文章来源为学术期刊文章的改写。这些论文的写作是有严格的格式规范的,表意清晰的文章一定是层次清晰、中心单一而明确的。文章的每个段落都会围绕着一个意思来展开,最终段落加在一起共同表达出文章的中心。这样少则几页,多则几十页的文章,要改写成一篇350词以内且内在逻辑依然清晰的短文,改写方式无非有二:节选(取文章中的一部分意思)和缩写(将一段或多段文章的意思概括成一句话来表达)。所以,不管以那种方式来进行改写,文章的原有逻辑结构都不会受到任何破坏。因此,过分纠结于句子字面的意思而看不到文章的宏观框架,会对文章的理解照成极大的影响。以下边这篇文章为例:

  Traditionally, the first firm to commercialize a new technology has benefited from the unique opportunity to shape product definitions, forcing followers to adapt to a standard or invest in an unproven alternative. Today, however, the largest payoffs may go to companies that lead in developing integrated approaches for successful mass production and distribution.

  Producers of the Beta format for videocassette recorders (VCRs), for example, were first to develop the VCR commercially in 1975, but producers of the rival VHS (Video Home System) format proved to be more successful at forming strategic alliances with other producers and distributors to manufacture and market their VCR format. Seeking to maintain exclusive control over VCR distribution, Beta producers were reluctant to form such alliances and eventually lost ground to VHS in the competition for the global VCR market....

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