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2014.7.12托福口语机经(task4)下载

2014-07-08 16:17 三立在线 admin

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摘要:2014.7.12托福口语机经(task4)下载!7.12托福口语机经帮助同学们在考前做好口语复习,有针对性的复习,更加有准备的去参加托福考试。让同学们在托福口语考试中获得理想的成绩!

  2014.7.12托福口语机经(task4)下载

  口语第 4 题

  Task 4-1

  英文版

  behavior exposure

  Concerningabout negative consequence, kids usually fear to do something new. Themethod to solve this problem is let them try new things gradually (sorry, can not recall some details)

  The speaker gives a example:

  His family moved to Los Angeles,some neighbor kids played outside (riding bicycle), he found that hisson wanted to join but also fear to do so. So he asked his son if helike to buy some ice cream from the store, his son said “OK”, then heasked his son say “hi” when they are passing by the neighbor kids. Hisson did that according to his suggestion. On the way back, herecommended his son to talk more with the neighbor kids on the bicycleriding ( did not get completely, sorry).

  After they returned home, hisson asked if he can go out to play with the neighbor kids.

  中文版

  behavior exposure 大概是心理学暴露疗法的意思

  阅读说

  孩子有时候不原交往,害怕负面影响

  步骤 1.教孩子接触那件事

  2.孩子发现没有负面影响

  3.不再害怕

  lecture (有点啰嗦 可是我难得记得住)

  教授的孩子 Tommy 11 岁 搬到洛杉矶以后 Tommy 不敢和别的孩子玩,可是又想玩(傲娇啊)

  有一天 tommy 看着窗外的孩子很郁闷,于是教授说 tommy 我们去买雪糕,然后路过那些孩子的时候打个招呼说 HI ,然后去了之后孩子们都很友善;第二次叫 tommy 赞扬别的孩子的车,然后就融入孩子们了。

  Task 4-2

  anticipated emotion。人们采取行动之前会对自己做了这个事情之后会有一个怎样的心情有一个估测,然后根据这个估测决定自己是不是要做那件事。lecture 里,教授举例子说有一次去给妹妹买生日礼物,发现一件很想买的 jacket,但是买了 jacket 之后就只能给妹妹买很便宜的小礼物,于是他就想如果真的买了 jacket 的话他肯定会很愧疚,所以最后决定还是不买了

  Task 4-3

  Aggressive recuiting 即商家在推广期间给与顾客一些实惠,积累顾客,推广期过后开始收费增加收入。

  lecture 举了一个 gym 的例子在说明 这种策略的有效性。具体是,gym 在推广期让消费者免费获得健身指导,一个月以后取消免费政策,结果大部分人都继续使用该服务,于是增加了gym 的 customer basis,是有效的

  Task 4-4

  Reading: 【课文要点】讲象征性的奖励(token reward system) 。每次学生行为良好就给个象征性的奖励 , 积累到一定的数量 , 就可以拿 real reward 杄 用不同的奖励来引导学生的行为,可以有效地刺激学生学习。

  Listening:【教授举例】教授举了一个例子:如果想要学生上课安静听话,可以给他们安排更多时间玩,结果不太有效,因为有些学生不喜欢在操场玩,喜欢在教室活动。接着教授给学生 wood coin,学生可以攒着,积累到一定了就可以换取学生自己想要的奖励方式:比如优先使用电脑等,这样促进了学生学习。

  Sample answer:

  The reading passage explains a definition of token reward system It states that a token reward is often used to encourage those students who behave well in class. When they accumulate a certain number of token rewards, they can get real reward.

  In the listening passage, the professor gives an example to illustrate this. If the students listened to the teacher attentively in class, the professor would reward them with extra playing on the ground.

  However, not all of them enjoyed playing on the ground; some of them would rather stay in the classroom, doing something to their own taste. Then the professor changed. He gave students wood coins; students collected them. When they had a certain number of them, they would be rewarded as they like, such as using the computer before others.

  By these means, he proves that token reward system can motivate students to learn and behave well.

  Task 4-5

  【名词解释】planning fallacy. (“planning fallacy”讲的是人很难预测到潜在的问题 ) Fail to consider all the possible factors that affect the project and lead to the inaccuracy in estimate the time that cost to complete then lead to bad consequences.

  【讲座例子】 教授在大学时是好学生,有一天他的教授布置了 10pages 的 paper,他认为他很快可以写完,所以提前一天开始写,到了图书馆,借了书,回去发现材料不够,再去图书 馆时,已经关门了,所以只能迟交作文,最后得了很低的分,虽然他教师觉得他的内容很好

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