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SAT阅读中修辞的作用大盘点【实例解读】

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摘要:SAT阅读中修辞的作用,在SAT阅读考试中,总结历年SAT阅读考试真题,仅修辞手法我们可以分析总结出23种,但是SAT阅读中修辞的作用,同学们可能不是太了解。那么下面我们就通过实例向各位同学解析一下SAT阅读中修辞的作用。

  关于SAT阅读中修辞的作用,同学们可以通过我们老师的视频讲解详细的了解一下。下面这是小编为同学们总结的23种在SAT阅读考试中用到的修辞手法。

  SAT阅读中23种修辞手法及实例

  1. Simile: 明喻

  英文定义:A simile is an expressed likeness.

  Like; as; seem; as if; as though; similar to; such as

  例子:He entered the verge of the storm slowly, marveling at the light, at the horizon drawn back like a bow. 把地平线比喻成弓箭。

SAT阅读中修辞的作用

  2.Metaphor: 暗喻

  英文定义:A figure of speech containing an implied comparison.

  例子:A few feet below, turning gray in the dusk, slid a river of clouds that had been rising and dropping all day. 把云比喻成河流。

  3.Personification: 拟人

  英文定义:A figure of speech in which a thing, quality, or idea is represented as a person.

  例子:Charles, to intimate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russell to be drawn in an open coach through the principal streets of the city on his way to the scaffold. “But,” his biographer says, “The multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. 把自由和美德比拟成人。

  4.Synesthesia: 通感

  英文定义:The mixing of sensations; the concurrent appeal to more than one sense.

  例子:The warrant officer shook his head in numb astonishment. 把麻木用来修饰震惊。

  5.Allusion: 典故

  英文定义:An indirect reference

  中文解释:古代故事;来历出处。

  例子:It was another one of those catch-22 situations, you’ve damned if you do and you’re damned if you don’t. catch-22是一本荒诞小说,中文翻译为《第22条军规》。

  6.Euphemism: 委婉语(忌讳)

  英文定义:a polite word or expression that you use instead of a more direct one to avoid shocking or upsetting someone.

  例子:

  生:homely

  老:past one’s prime

  病:the big C (cancer)

  死:fall asleep

  7.Understatement: 低调陈述

  英文定义:Statement that expresses an idea, etc. too weakly.

  例子:

  正话反说:

  The face was not a bad one: it had what they called charm.

  回避正面:

  I believe you can sing it better.

  区分:委婉语是表示尊敬;低调陈述有时表示故意贬损。比如,你买了一件漂亮衣服,你问朋友是否好看,朋友的回答是:“不难看“。这其实就是低调陈述。

  8.Irony: 反语

  英文定义:a situation that is unusual or amusing because something strange happens, or the opposite of what is expected happens or is true.

  跟讽刺有关的各种修辞手段:

  amusing, humor, absurd, contempt, sarcasm, satire (criticize), mock, wry

  例子:

  This whole valley will be under water. But right now it's wild. And I mean wild; it looks like something up in Alaska. We really ought to go up there before the real estate people get hold of it and make it over into one of their heavens.

  分析:反语,讽刺都是有contrast逻辑为模型的。也就是说,如果文章用了反语讽刺类的修辞手段,在行为中必然可以找到存在contrast逻辑的概念。比如,上文的例子中那个地方的wild(荒芜)和heaven(天堂)形成了contrast逻辑,足以突显说话者对于real estate people (房地产商)的讽刺。

  9.Climax: 层进

  英文定义:The most exciting, important, or effective part in a story, experience, set of events etc. which usually comes near the end.

  一般要有三个词项:Three parallels

  例子:

  ü I came, I saw, I conquered. (Julius Caesar)

  ü The audience smiled, chuckled, and finally howled.

  10.Anti-climax: 突降

  英文定义:A sudden often funny change from something noble, serious, exciting, etc. to something foolish, unimportant.

  例子:There is nothing more exhilarating to the nature-love than an early morning walk in the foot hill of the Himalayas. It lifts his spirit above material concerns and inspires in him noble thoughts. It also makes him hungry. 前面讲了很多高尚的精神品质,超拔了物质需求,下文却说道:我饿了。

  11.Parody: 仿拟

  英文定义:Writing intended to amuse by imitating the style of writing used by somebody else.

  例子:

  ü I had no outlook, but an uplook rather. My place in society was at the bottom. 字典里没有uplook这个词汇,这个词是仿照outlook创造的。

  ü Surprisingly, there are old comic book fans, a small army of them: adults wearing school ties and tweeds, teaching in universities, writing ad copy, writing for chic magazines, writing novels – who continue to be addicts, who save old comic books, buy them, trade them, who publish mimeographed “fanzines”. 很明显这里的fanzine字典里也是不存在的,是仿拟了magazine创造出来的。

  12.Pun: 双关

  英文定义:an amusing use of a word or phrase that has two meanings, or of words that have the same sound but different meanings.

  双关的其它说法:Word-play, metonymy

  例子:

  ü Have you ever read Shakespeare? 莎士比亚可以是人也可以是作品的代称。

  ü A professor tapped on his desk and shouted: “gentlemen – order!”

  The entire class yelled: “Beer”. 词汇order可以理解为动词“点单,订购“,也可以理解为名词 “秩序”。

  选项中经常出现的其它修辞手段:

  13.Hyperbole or exaggeration 夸张

  一般指文章中出现与事实或者常识不符的陈述或者态度。

  例子: When I told our father about this, his heart burst.

  14.Paradox 悖论

  一般指文章中出现与事实相反或者冲突的观点。

  例子:

  That beauty is amplified because, against all logic, the paintings seem familiar as well, close to us in time despite being as far from us in time as any could possibly be. How is it that they could be locked away in caves, unknown or misunderstood, for eons and yet, once discovered, fit naturally in the Western cultural tradition? 这里的yet传达出来contrast逻辑,体现了“悖论”观点。

  15.Flashback 倒叙

  一般指文章讲述故事的顺序发生改变,比如先将结尾,再讲开端和发展的情节。

  16.Aside or digression 离题

  一般指文章讲述的角度或者话题发生了偏差。

  17.Appeal to emotion 煽情

  一般指文章中使用大量的态度词。

  18.Foreshadowing or omen 预兆

  一般指文章为了对后文情节进行铺垫而预设的线索,通常使用交代事件即将发生的时间条件。

  例子:This was the last day of a whole chunk of my life but I didn’t know that at the time. 那是我那段人生经历中的最后一天,而那时我却全然不知。下文要讲到那天发生的事情。

  区别:omen所预示的是不好的事情的发生。

  19.Exclamation 感叹

  一般指文章使用感叹的句式。

  20.Jargon 行话

  一般指文章使用某个学科某个特定行业或者团体的特定用语。

  21.Rhetoric question 反问

  反问是用来强调作者同意的观点。

  22.Parallel or repitition排比句

  用同样的句型重复强调某个事件或者规律。

  例子:

  I wanted to smell that Louisiana earth, feel that Louisiana sun, sit under the shade of one of those Louisiana oaks next to one of those Louisiana bayous. I wanted to see on paper those Black parents going to work before the ' sun came up and coming back home to take care of their children after the sun went down. I wanted to read about the true relationship between Whites and Blacks—about the people that I had known.

  23.Alliteration: 压头韵

  为了增强语言的节奏感,在文句中有两个以上连结在一起的词或词组,其开头的音节有同样的字母或声音。

  例子: How and why he had come to Princeton, New Jersey is a story of struggle, success, and sadness.

  以上就是SAT阅读中修辞的作用以及SAT修辞手法的相关介绍,如果同学们想要了解更多有关SAT阅读中修辞的作用的信息,可以在线咨询我们的辅导老师。



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