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2015年托福资料VOA文本:学生运动员有什么权力?

2015-11-26 17:20 小马过河 lvshuang

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摘要:很多学生现在都是一名运动员,那么这些学生运动员有什么权利呢,大家肯定不知道吧,今天小编为大家带来VOA新闻英语2015年托福资料VOA文本:学生运动员有什么权力?我们一起来看看精彩文本内容。

  今天小编给大家准备的资料是2015年托福资料VOA文本:学生运动员有什么权力?的英语文本,相信大家都比较关注这个知识,想提升英语的同学赶紧看过来吧。

  Do Student Athletes Have Any Power? 学生运动员有什么权力?

  Several weeks of student protest and a six-day hunger strike over the handling of racial tension on a college campus resulted in nothing.

  Last weekend, a group of black football players at the University of Missouri joined the protest. The student-athletes tweeted that they would not play until the university’s president resigns.

  Tim Wolfe, the president of the University of Missouri, quit the next day.

  The student-athletes’ action is part of a growing movement around the U.S. Student athletes increasingly find they have the power to demand changes in their relationship to their schools.

  Changing public opinion

  College football players often get scholarships and some benefits, like health insurance, from their schools. At one time, many thought that they received a “free education” in exchange for playing a game.

  The National Collegiate Athletic1 Association, or NCAA, controls college sports. NCAA rules say the time spent on sports should not be more than 20 hours a week. But many spend more time on sports than on studying.

  Kain Colter was a football player at Northwestern University. He said playing college football takes up 50 hours a week or more. He gave up plans to study medicine because he did not have time to study. At some universities, athletes take easy classes so they can pass without spending much time on study.

  Earning money from student-athletes

  The principle of amateurism in college sports says student-athletes are amateurs. They cannot earn money to play the game like professional athletes do.

  Yet across the U.S., schools with large sports programs earn huge amounts of money with their athletic programs. In 2012, college athletic programs earned over $11 billion dollars from ticket sales, radio and television receipts, alumni contributions, guarantees, royalties2, student fees, institutional and government support.

  The NCAA itself earned $10.8 billion in 2013 for broadcast rights of college games. It even sold a video game using college players as game characters. Two groups of college football players brought antitrust lawsuits3 against the NCAA and won $40 million dollars in a 2014 decision.

  Stanford University Economic Professor Roger Noll writes about the economics of college sports. He says that college coaches receive the money that in professional sports “would have been paid to the players … If we go back to 2000, it was unusual to have any coach make more than a million dollars a year, but now we have a whole bunch of them making five million.”

  Noll says that the money creates an environment “where the athletic directors and the coaches end up running the university and they are the main beneficiaries of all the money that’s coming into the sport.”

2015年托福资料VOA文本:学生运动员有什么权力?

  以上就是小编为大家准备的2015年托福资料VOA文本:学生运动员有什么权力的部分内容,大家感觉怎么样呢,是不是很能帮助你的听力呢,点击下载按钮即可免费获取哦。

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