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雅思阅读:剑桥雅思长难句分析(九)

2018-04-25 21:39 小马过河 范筱雯

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摘要:雅思阅读:剑桥雅思长难句分析今天小马小编为大家汇总整理了雅思阅读:剑桥雅思长难句分析的相关内容,同学们可在复习雅思时,适当参考雅思阅读:剑桥雅思长难句分析进行参考。

  1. The best estimates are that the temperatures will rise y 2-3℃ in thiscentury, causing considerable problems, at a total cost of US $5,000billion.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  分析:本句主句为“The best estimates are that…”; “that the temperatures will rise y2-3℃ in this century, causing considerable problems, at a total cost of US$5,000 billion.”为that引导的表语从句,做are的表语; “causing considerableproblems”为现在分词短语做伴随状语。

  2. Despite the intuition that something drastic needs to be done about sucha costly problem, economic analysis clearly show it will be far more expensiveto cut carbon dioxide emissions radically than to pay the costs of adaptation tothe increased temperatures.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  分析:本句中“Despite the intuition that something drastic needs to be done aboutsuch a costly problem”为介词短语作让步状语;其中“that something drastic needs to be doneabout such a costly problem”为that引导的同位语从句,做the intuition的同位语;“economic analysisclearly show it will be far more expensive to cut carbon dioxide emissionsradically than to pay the costs of adaptation to the increasedtemperatures.”为本句的主句,其中“it will be far more expensive to cut carbon dioxideemissions radically than to pay the costs of adaptation to the increasedtemperatures.”为宾语从句,做show的宾语,引导词省略,it为形式主语,后面的不定式为真正的主语。

  3. It is crucial that we look at the facts if we want to make the bestpossible decisions for the future. (剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  分析:本句主句为“It is crucial that we look at the facts”; 其中It为形式主语,“that we lookat the facts”为that引导的主语从句,是该句子真正的主语;“if we want to make the best possibledecisions for the future”为if引导的条件状语从句。

  4. Some are ‘thermoplastic’, which means that, like candlewax, they meltwhen heated and can then be reshaped.(剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“Some are ‘thermoplastic’”; “which means that, like candlewax,they melt when heated and can then bereshaped.”为定语从句,做‘thermoplastic’的定语,关系词为which; 在此定语从句中“that, like candlewax,they melt when heated and can then be reshaped.” 为that引导的宾语从句,做means的宾语;“whenheated”为过去分词短语做状语,做they melt的时间状语。

  5. Baekeland’s interest in plastics began in 1885 when, as a young studentin Belgium, he embarked on research into phenolic resins, the group of stickysubstances produced when phenol (carbolic acid) combines with an aldehyde (avolatile fluid similar to alcohol). (剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“Baekeland’s interest in plastics began”; in 1885为时间状语,而“when, asa young student in Belgium, he embarked on research into phenolicresins”为定语从句,做1885的定语,关系词为when; “the group of sticky substances”为phenolicresins的同位语;“produced when phenol (carbolic acid) combines with an aldehyde (avolatile fluid similar to alcohol”为过去分词短语做定语,做the group of stickysubstances的定语,而“when phenol (carbolic acid) combines with an aldehyde (avolatile fluid similar to alcohol).”为when引导的时间状语从句。

  6. On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing thispreparation, the essential features of which are still in use today. (剑5, Test 2passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“Baekeland took out his famous patent”, “On 13 July1907”为时间状语;“describing this preparation”为现在分词短语做定语,做his famous patent的定语;“theessential features of which are still in use today”为同位语,做thispreparation的同位语;而其中“of which are still in usetoday”为定语从句,做features的定语,关系词为which。

  7. The result was a resin known as Novalak, which became solule andmalleable when heated. (剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“The result was a resin”; “known asNovalak”为过去分词短语做定语,做resin的定语;“which became solule and malleable whenheated.”为定语从句,做Novalak的定语,关系词为which; “when heated”为过去分词短语做状语,在该定语从句中做时间状语。

  8. The object could not be designed so that it was locked into the mouldand therefore difficult to extract. (剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“The object could not be designed”; “so that it was locked intothe mould and therefore difficult to extract.”为so that引导的结果状语从句。

  9. Baekeland’s invention, although treated with disdain in its early years,went on to enjoy an unparalleled popularity which lasted throughout the firsthalf of the twentieth century.(剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“Baekeland’s invention went on to enjoy an unparalleledpopularity”; “although treated with disdain in its earlyyears”为过去分词短语做让步状语;“which lasted throughout the first half of the twentiethcentury”为定语从句,做popularity的定语,关系词为which。

  10. Electrical manufacturers seized on its insulating properties, andconsumers everywhere relished its dazzling array of shades, delighted that theywere now, at last, no longer restricted to the wood tones and drab browns of thepre-plastic era.(剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句为并列句,“Electrical manufacturers seized on its insulatingproperties”和“consumers everywhere relished its dazzling array ofshades”并列,由and连接;“delighted that they were now, at last, no longer restricted tothe wood tones and drab browns of the pre-plastic era”为过去分词短语做伴随状语;其中“that theywere now, at last, no longer restricted to the wood tones and drab browns of thepre-plastic era”为that引导的宾语从句(其前省掉了介词at)。

  11. Kant and Freud felt that joke-telling relies on building up a psychictension which is safely punctured by the ludicrousness of the punchline.(剑5,Test 2 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Kant and Freud felt that…”, 其中“that joke-telling relies onbuilding up a psychic tension which is safely punctured by the ludicrousness ofthe punchline.”为that引导的宾语从句,做felt的宾语;而“which is safely punctured by theludicrousness of the punchline”为定语从句,做a psychic tension的定语,关系词为which。

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