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2018年10月12日GRE阅读长篇机经整理

2018-12-11 17:28 小马过河 admin

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摘要:2018年10月12日场次GRE长篇阅读机经发布,以下是对10月12日GRE阅读中耗时多难度高的长阅读题型的文章和题目预测,看完就能提升阅读读文章的速度节省时间提升解题效率,高分不容错过! 长篇阅读 Frederick Douglass was unquestionably the most famous African American of the nineteenth century; indeed, when he died in 1895 he was among the most distinguished public figures in the Unite

2018年10月12日场次GRE长篇阅读机经发布,以下是对10月12日GRE阅读中耗时多难度高的长阅读题型的文章和题目预测,看完就能提升阅读读文章的速度节省时间提升解题效率,高分不容错过!

长篇阅读

Frederick Douglass was unquestionably the most famous African American of the nineteenth century; indeed, when he died in 1895 he was among the most distinguished public figures in the United States. In his study of Douglass’ career as a major figure in the movement to abolish slavery and as a spokesman for Black rights, Waldo Martin has provoked controversy by contending that Douglass also deserves a prominent place in the intellectual history of the United States because he exemplified so many strands of nineteenth-century thought: romanticism, idealism, individualism, liberal humanism, and an unshakable belief in progress. But this very argument provides ammunition for those who claim that most of Douglass’ ideas, being so representative of their time, are now obsolete. Douglass’ vision of the future as a melting pot in which all racial and ethnic differences would dissolve into “a composite American nationality” appears from the pluralist perspective of many present-day intellectuals to be not only utopian but even wrongheaded. Yet there is a central aspect of Douglass’ thought that seems not in the least bit dated or irrelevant to current concerns. He has no rival in the history of the nineteenth-century United States as an insistent and effective critic of the doctrine of innate racial inequality. He not only attacked racist ideas in his speeches and writings, but he offered his entire career and all his achievements as living proof that racists were wrong in their belief that one race could be inherently superior to another.

 

While Martin stresses Douglass’ antiracist egalitarianism, he does not adequately explain how this aspect of Douglass’ thought fits in with his espousal of the liberal Victorian attitudes that many present-day intellectuals consider to be naive and outdated. The fact is that Douglass was attracted to these democratic-capitalist ideals of his time because they could be used to attack slavery and the doctrine of White supremacy. His favorite rhetorical strategy was to expose the hypocrisy of those who, while professing adherence to the ideals of democracy and equality of opportunity, condoned slavery and racial discrimination. It would have been strange indeed if he had not embraced liberal idealism, because it proved its worth for the cause of racial equality during the national crisis that eventually resulted in emancipation and citizenship for African Americans. These points may seem obvious, but had Martin given them more attention, his analysis might have constituted a more convincing rebuttal to those critics who dismiss Douglass’ ideology as a relic of the past. If one accepts the proposition that Douglass’ deepest commitment was to Black equality and that he used the liberal ideals of his time as weapons in the fight for that cause, then it is hard to fault him for seizing the best weapons at hand.

1. The passage as a whole can best be described as doing which of the following?

A. Explaining Douglass’ emergence as a major figure in the movement to abolish slavery

B. Tracing the origins of Douglass’ thought in nineteenth-century romanticism, idealism, and liberal humanism

C. Analyzing Douglass’ speeches and writings from a modern, pluralist perspective

D. Criticizing Martin for failing to stress the contradiction between Douglass’ principles and the liberal Victorian attitudes of his day

E. Formulating a response to those who consider Douglass’ political philosophy to be archaic and irrelevant

正确答案:E

题目解析:问文章主要讲了什么

A. abolish slavery上的作用,太细节,错

B. FD idea的源头,文中没有提到,错

C. 分析FD的writing,细节,错

D. 批评M没能强调FD原则与LV原则的矛盾性。错,没提到矛盾

E. 回击那些人文FD 的idea过时的人,对

“These points may seem obvious, but had Martin given them more attention, his analysis might have constituted a more convincing rebuttal to those critics who dismiss Douglass’ ideology as a relic of the past. If one accepts the proposition that Douglass’ deepest commitment was to Black equality and that he used the liberal ideals of his time as weapons in the fight for that cause, then it is hard to fault him for seizing the best weapons at hand.”之句话是理解文章的关键,出现在文末。如果M更关注这点的话,那么他对人们认为D观点过时的反驳就会更有说服力。如果一个人接受并认为D最深的目的就是追求黑人的平等并运用了“liberal ideals”最为他反驳他人观点的武器,那是绝对不会错的。

2. It can be inferred that the “present-day intellectuals” believe that

A. although Douglass used democratic-capitalist ideas to attack slavery and racial inequality, he did not sincerely believe in those ideas

B. the view that Douglass was representative of the intellectual trends of his time is obsolete

C. Douglass’ opposition to the doctrine of innate racial inequality is irrelevant to current concerns

D. Douglass’ commitment to Black equality does not adequately account for his naïve attachment to quaint liberal Victorian political views

E. Douglass’ goal of ultimately doing away with all racial and ethnic differences is neither achievable nor desirable

正确答案:E

题目解析:Douglass’ vision of the future as a melting pot in which all racial and ethnic differences would dissolve into “a composite American nationality” appears from the pluralist perspective of many present-day intellectuals to be not only utopian but even wrongheaded.

这句话讲DF的观点在pluralist看来就是utopian乌托邦 空想主义, 甚至wrongheaded。DF的想法不现实,缺乏实践无法实现。E选项中neither achievable nor desirable完美体现了这个意思。

3. According to the passage, Douglass used which of the following as evidence against the doctrine of innate racial inequality?

A. His own life story

B. His vision of a composite American nationality

C. The hypocrisy of self-professed liberal idealists

D. The inevitability of the emancipation of African Americans

E. The fact that most prominent intellectuals advocated the abolition of slavery

正确答案:A

题目解析:He not only attacked racist ideas in his speeches and writings, but he offered his entire career and all his achievements as living proof that racists were wrong in their belief that one race could be inherently superior to another. 体现了A中的own life story。

 

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